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Marlene Castro knew the tall blonde woman only as Laurene, her mentor. They met every few weeks in a rough Silicon Valley neighborhood the year that Ms. Castro was applying to college, and they e-mailed often, bonding over conversations about Ms. Castro‟s difficult childhood. Without Laurene‟s help, Ms. Castro said, she might not have become the first person in her family to graduate from college.

It was only later, when she was a freshman at University of California, Berkeley, that Ms. Castro read a news article and realized that Laurene was Silicon Valley royalty, the wife of Apple‟s co-founder, Steven P. Jobs.

“I just became 10 times more appreciative of her humility and how humble she was in working with us in East Palo Alto,” Ms. Castro said.

The story, friends and colleagues say, is classic Laurene Powell Jobs. Famous because of her last name and fortune, she has always been private and publicity-averse. Her philanthropic work, especially on education causes like College Track, the college prep organization she helped found and through which she was Ms. Castro‟s mentor, has been her priority and focus.

Now, less than two years after Mr. Jobs‟s death, Ms. Powell Jobs is becoming somewhat less private. She has tiptoed into the public sphere, pushing her agenda in education as well as global conservation, nutrition and immigration policy.

“She‟s been mourning for a year and was grieving for five years before that,” said Larry Brilliant, who is an old friend of Mr. Jobs. “Her life was about her family and Steve, but she is now emerging as a potent force on the world stage, and this is only the beginning.”

But she is doing it her way.

“It‟s not about getting any public recognition for her giving, it‟s to help touch and transform individual lives,” said Laura Andreessen, a philanthropist and lecturer on philanthropy at Stanford who has been close friends with Ms. Powell Jobs for two decades.

While some people said Ms. Powell Jobs should have started a foundation in Mr. Jobs‟s name after his death, she did not, nor has she increased her public giving.

Instead, she has redoubled her commitment to Emerson Collective, the organization she formed about a decade ago to make grants and investments in education initiatives and, more recently, other areas.

“In the poadest sense, we want to use our knowledge and our network and our relationships to try to effect the greatest amount of good,” Ms. Powell Jobs said in one of a series of interviews with The New York Times.


In the past few years, I‟ve taught nonfiction writing to undergraduates and graduate students at Harvard, Yale, and Columbia‟s Graduate School of Journalism. Each semester I hope, and fear, that I will have nothing to teach my students because they already know how to write. And each

semester I discover, again, that they don‟t.

The teaching of the humanities has fallen on hard times. So says a new report on the state of the humanities by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and so says the experience of nearly everyone who teaches at a college or university. Undergraduates will tell you that they‟re under pressure — from their parents, from the burden of debt they incur, from society at large — to choose majors they believe will lead as directly as possible to good jobs. Too often, that means skipping the humanities.

In other words, there is a new and narrowing vocational emphasis in the way students and their parents think about what to study in college.

There is a certain literal-mindedness in the recent shift away from the humanities. It suggests a number of things.

One, the rush to make education pay off presupposes that only the most immediately applicable skills are worth acquiring. Two, the humanities often do a bad job of explaining why the humanities matter. And three, the humanities often do a bad job of teaching the humanities. What many undergraduates do not know — and what so many of their professors have been unable to tell them — is how valuable the most fundamental gift of the humanities will turn out to be. That gift is clear thinking, clear writing and a lifelong engagement with literature.

Writing well used to be a fundamental principle of the humanities, as essential as the knowledge of mathematics and statistics in the sciences. But writing well isn‟t merely a utilitarian skill. It is about developing a rational grace and energy in your conversation with the world around you.




《弘扬“上海精神” 促进共同发展》



中华人民共和国主席 习近平

《 人民日报海外版》( 2013年09月14日 第 04 版)





In the past 12 years since the founding of the SCO, member states have forged a close

community of common destinies and shared interests. In the face of complex regional and international situation, maintaining regional security and stability and promoting common development of member states has been, is and will continue to be SCO"s top priority and objective for quite a long time to come.

On security, member states need to continue to firmly support each other"s endeavor to safeguard national security and social stability and intensify efforts to combat terrorism, separatism and extremism and drug-related crimes. What merits caution is that there is a growing tendency of terrorists and drug criminals colluding with each other in the region. Therefore, counter-terrorism and anti-narcotic efforts should be integrated with a two-pronged approach. China believes that there is a need to give the SCO Regional Counter-Terrorism Structure the function of anti-narcotics to enhance its overall ability to fight both terrorism and drug trafficking.

On economy, member states need to vigorously promote pragmatic cooperation. The ultimate purpose of maintaining regional security and stability is to achieve common development and prosperity. Parties need to accelerate the implementation of cooperation projects in such advantageous areas as transport, energy, communications and agriculture, and expedite studies on setting up an SCO development bank to resolve project financing difficulties and address international financial risks.








The reform and opening-up has witnessed rapid growth of China‟s financial sector together with the modernization of the country. However, it still remains a long and arduous task for China to sustain this momentum of growth. Currently, China‟s financial sector has a total asset of over RMB 150 trillion and a foreign exchange reserve of US$3.4 trillion. There is a huge potential for revitalizing/liquidizing/ China‟s financial assets and reinvigorating the financial market. Going forward, we will unswervingly advance market reform of the financial sector, build a sound modern financial system, accelerate the development of a multi-tiered capital market, and steadily step up the reform in the marketization of interest rate and exchange rate. In the meantime, we will deepen cooperation between Chinese banks and their foreign strategic investors, open the stock, bond and insurance markets in an orderly way, promote the cross-border use of the RMB and, gradually achieve the RMB‟s convertibility under the capital account and poaden and deepen the opening-up in the financial sector. We will promote reform, development, economic transformation and innovation in the course of opening-up to achieve the sustainable and healthy growth of the Chinese economy and to create opportunities for the economic growth and development of the financial industry of the world.





Part 1:English-Chinese Translation

Passage 1

WATERLOO, Belgium — The region around this Belgian city is busily preparing to commemorate the 200th anniversary in 2015 of one of the major battles in European military history. But weaving a path through the preparations is proving almost as tricky as making one‟s way across the battlefield was back then, when the Duke of Wellington, as commander of an international alliance of forces, crushed Napoleon.

A rambling though dilapidated farmstead called Hougoumont, which was crucial to the battle‟s outcome, is being painstakingly restored as an educational center. Nearby, an underground visitor center is under construction, and roads and monuments throughout the rolling farmland where once the sides fought are being refurbished. More than 6,000 military buffs are expected to re-enact individual skirmishes.

While the battle ended two centuries ago, however, hard feelings have endured. Memories are long here, and not everyone here shares Britain‟s enthusiasm for celepating Napoleon‟s defeat.

Every year, in districts of Wallonia, the French-speaking part of Belgium, there are fetes to honor Napoleon, according to Count Georges Jacobs de Hagen, a prominent Belgian industrialist and chairman of a committee responsible for restoring Hougoumont. “Napoleon, for these people, was very popular,” Mr. Jacobs, 73, said over coffee. “That is why, still today,

there are some enemies of the project.”

Belgium, of course, did not exist in 1815. Its Dutch-speaking regions were part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, while the French-speaking portion had been incorporated into the French Empire. Among French speakers, Mr. Jacobs said, Napoleon had a “huge influence — the administration, the Code Napoléon,” or reform of the legal system. While Dutch-speaking Belgians fought under Wellington, French speakers fought with Napoleon.

That distaste on the part of modern-day French speakers crystallized in resistance to a British proposal that, as part of the restoration of Hougoumont, a memorial be raised to the British soldiers who died defending its narrow North Gate at a critical moment on June 18, 1815, when Wellington carried the day. “Every discussion in the committee was filled with high sensitivity,” Mr. Jacobs recalled. “I said, „This is a condition for the help of the British,‟ so the North Gate won the battle, and we got the monument.”

If Belgium was reluctant to get involved, France was at first totally uninterested. “They told us, „We don‟t want to take part in this British triumphalism,‟ ” said Countess Nathalie du Parc Locmaria, a writer and publicist who is president of a committee representing four townships that own the land where the battle raged.

(原文地址:http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/2 ... eelings-remain.html Mtizt.com)

Passage 2

Bayer cares about the bees.

Or at least that‟s what they tell you at the company‟s Bee Care Center on its sprawling campus here between Düsseldorf and Cologne. Outside the cozy two-story building that houses the center is a whimsical yellow sculpture of a bee. Inside, the same image is fashioned into paper clips, or printed on napkins and mugs.

“Bayer is strictly committed to bee health,” said Gillian Mansfield, an official specializing in strategic messaging at the company‟s Bayer CropScience division. She was sitting at the center‟s semicircular coffee bar, which has a formidable espresso maker and, if you ask, homegrown Bayer honey. On the surrounding walls, bee fun facts are written in English, like “A bee can fly at roughly 16 miles an hour” or, it takes “nectar from some two million flowers in order to produce a pound of honey.” Next year, Bayer will open another Bee Care Center in Raleigh, N.C., and has not ruled out more in other parts of the world.

There is, of course, a slight caveat to all this buzzy good will.

Bayer is one of the major producers of a type of pesticide that the European Union has linked to the large-scale die-offs of honey bee populations in North America and Western Europe. They are known as neonicotinoids, a relatively new nicotine-derived class of pesticide. The pesticide wasbanned this year for use on many flowering crops in Europe that attract honey bees.

Bayer and two competitors, Syngenta and BASF, have disagreed vociferously with the ban, and are fighting in the European courts to overturn it.

Hans Muilerman, a chemicals expert at Pesticide Action Network Europe, an environmental group, accused Bayer of doing “almost anything that helps their products remaining on the market. Massive lobbying, hiring P.R. firms to frame and spin, inviting commissioners to show their plants and their sustainability.”

“Since they learned people care about bees, they are happy to start the type of actions you

mention, „bee care centers‟ and such,” he said.

There is a bad guy lurking at the Bee Care Center — a killer of bees, if you will. It‟s just not a pesticide.

Bayer‟s culprit in the mysterious mass deaths of bees can be found around the corner from the coffee bar. Looming next to another sculpture of a bee is a sculpture of a parasite known as a varroa mite, which resembles a gargantuan cooked crab with spiky hair.

The varroa, sometimes called the vampire mite, appears to be chasing the bee next to it, which already has a smaller mite stuck to it. And in case the message was not clear, images of the mites, which are actually quite small, flash on a screen at the center.

While others point at pesticides, Bayer has funded research that blames mites for the bee die-off. And the center combines resources from two of the company‟s divisions, Bayer CropScience and Bayer Animal Health, to further study the mite menace.

“The varroa is the biggest threat we have” said Manuel Tritschler, 28, a third-generation beekeeper who works for Bayer. “It‟s very easy see to them, the mites, on the bees,” he said, holding a test tube with dead mites suspended in liquid. “They suck the bee blood, from the adults and from the larvae, and in this way they transport a lot of different pathogens, virus, bacteria, fungus to the bees,” he said.

Conveniently, Bayer markets products to kill the mites too — one is called CheckMite — and Mr. Tritschler‟s work at the center included helping design a “gate” to affix to hives that coats bees with such chemical compounds.

There is no disputing that varroa mites are a problem, but Mr. Muilerman said they could not be seen as the only threat.

The varroa mite “cannot explain the massive die-off on its own,” he said. “We think the bee die-off is a result of exposure to multiple stressors.”

(原文地址:http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/1 ... wanted=all&_r=0 Mtizt.com注)

Part 2:Chinese-English Translation

Passage 1







前 言


Mineral resources are an important part of natural resources, and an important material foundation for the development of human society. Great achievements have been obtained in the survey and development of China‟s mineral resources in the past five decades since the founding of New China. A great number of mineral resources have been verified, and a fairly complete system for the supply of mineral products has been established, providing an important guarantee for the sustained, rapid and healthy development of the Chinese economy. At present, over 92% of the country‟s primary energy, 80% of the industrial raw and processed materials and more than 70% of the agricultural means of production come from mineral resources.

中国高度重视可持续发展和矿产资源的合理利用,把可持续发展确定为国家战略,把保护资源作为可持续 发展战略重要内容。1992年联合国环境与发展大会后,中国政府率先制定了《中国二十一世纪议程-中国二十一世纪人口、环境与发展白皮书》,2001年4月批准实施了《全国矿产资源规划》,2003年1月开始实施《中国二十一世纪初可持续发展行动纲要》。

China attaches great importance to sustainable development and the rational utilization of mineral resources, and has made sustainable development a national strategy and the protection of resources an important part of this strategy. Immediately following the UN Environmental and Development Conference in 1992, the Chinese government took the lead in formulating the “China Agenda 21 — the White Paper on China‟s Population, Environment and Development in the 21st Century.” It approved and implemented the “National Program on Mineral Resources” in April 2001, and, in January 2003, began to implement “China‟s Program of Action for Sustainable Development in the Early 21st Century.”


To build a well-off society in an all-round way is China‟s objective in the first 20 years of the new century. China will depend mainly on the exploitation of its own mineral resources to guarantee the needs of its modernization program. The Chinese government encourages the exploration and exploitation of the mineral resources in market demand, especially the dominant resources in the western regions, to increase its domestic capability of mineral resources supply. At the same time, it is an important government policy to import foreign capital and technology to exploit the country‟s mineral resources, make use of foreign markets and foreign mineral resources, and help Chinese mining enterprises and mineral products enter the international market. The Chinese government holds that to have foreign mining companies enter China and Chinese mining enterprises enter other countries to make different countries mutually complementary in resources is of great significance for the common prosperity and healthy development of world mineral resources prospecting and exploitation.


I. The Present Situation of Mineral Resources and Their Exploration and Exploitation


China has discovered 171 varieties of minerals, and 158 of them with proved reserves. There are 10 energy-related minerals, including oil, natural gas, coal, uranium and geotherm; 54 metallic minerals, including iron, manganese, copper, aluminum, lead and zinc; 91 non-metallic minerals, including graphite, phosphorus, sulfur and sylvite; and 3 liquid minerals, including groundwater, and mineral water. There are nearly 18,000 mineral deposits in China, including more than 7,000 big and medium-sized ones.

Passage 2


我们将深入实施区域发展总体战略,加快中西部地区开发开放。地区差别和不平衡发展是中国一大问题,中西部地区地域辽阔、资源丰富、潜力巨大,是中国重要的 战略发展空间、回旋余地和新的经济增长点。实施西部大开发战略10多年取得了显著成绩。我们将以更大的力度推进中西部特别是西部开发开放,搞好规划布局, 完善政策措施,加快大通道建设,大力发展优势特色产业,推进绿色、循环、低碳发展,把资源优势转化为经济优势,支持东部地区部分产业有序向中西部地区转 移,统筹东中西、协调南北方,积极稳妥推进城镇化,发挥城镇化对扩内需、促发展、惠民生的潜力作用。可以相信,随着新一轮西部开发开放向纵深推进,中国经 济将会增添强大活力,也可以逐步解决不平衡不协调不可持续问题。

We will further enforce the comprehensive strategy for regional development, and accelerate the development and opening up of the central and western regions. One of the major problems China faces today is regional income disparity and imbalanced development. Blessed with a vast territory, abundant resources and huge potential for development, China"s central and western regions provide important strategic space for development, convenient leeway as well as new points of economic growth. During the past decade or so, China has made remarkable achievements in developing these regions through its strategy for the development of the western region. We will make even greater efforts to press ahead the development and opening up of the central and western regions, particularly the western region, draw up layout plans for regional development, and work out more effective policies and measures to speed up the construction of major transportation networks between the regions. We will develop local industries with competitive edge, and push forward the development of green, recyclable and low-carbon industries, so that the resources advantages the central and western regions now enjoy will add to their economic strength. We will also support the transfer of some industries in the more developed eastern regions to the western regions, make overall plans on coordinated national and regional development, advance urbanization actively yet steadily, and well exploit the potentials of the process to boost domestic demand, promote economic growth and improve people"s livelihood. I believe that a new wave of western region development and opening up will add greater vitality to the Chinese economy, and help resolve the problem of imbalanced, uncoordinated and

unsustainable development in due course.